What is Rebound Therapy & Flexi Bounce Therapy?
“Rebound Therapy is exercise therapy which uses a full-sized trampoline to provide opportunities for movement, therapeutic exercise and recreation for people across virtually the whole spectrum of special needs”;
E.G.Anderson, Founder of Rebound Therapy – www.reboundtherapy.org, the official UK body, Worldwide Federation and Consultancy responsible for the development and provision of certified and accredited training courses and development of overseas training partners.
Flexi-Bounce Therapy was developed by the ReboundTherapy.org team and is the perfect complement to Rebound Therapy. It can be used by Parents/Carers as a stand alone activity at home or 1:1 by a specialist practitioner or centre, or as an “in between sessions” complement to scheduled Rebound Therapy sessions.
Rebound Fitness has developed the orthopaedic quality Fit Bounce Pro XL rebounder which has been approved by ReboundTherapy.org for Flexi-Bounce Therapy.
Properties of an Orthopaedic Rebounder
These are the properties that ReboundTherapy.Org look for and have assessed in approving the Fit Bounce Pro XL for use with their Flexi Bounce Therapy programme:
Unique Three-fold effect on body organs, systems and muscles.
- Weight increases and decreases to the point of weightlessness
- There is acceleration from stillness to varying speeds
- There is deceleration from varying speeds to stillness.
Storage of potential energy as the trampoline bed is under tension with springs it is a potential energy source.
Output of energy – this varies according to the energy put in; the bed stores the input energy unto output. As in Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion. ‘for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction’.
Potential for lifting a body into space – as a result of the storage of enery, the trampoline bed, when energised, has the potential for lifting a body into space. The amount of energy required will relate to the weight of the body to be lifted.
Potential for initiating movement in a body from a distance – the input of energy can be at any point yet still produce output throughout the trampoline bed. However, that output is most effective from the centre of the trampoline bed. The technique of ‘popping’ uses this property to initiate control and movement.
Unstable surface – the surface, which is elasticated and under spring tension, is unstable and movement on it acts to energise the bed. Output from this movement causes the bed to offer an active base upon which movement occurs.
Damping – this is the absorption of the energy of the bed by the body. It is achieved by taking up some of the energy of the bed through flexed hips and knees.
Variable Surface – the surface is changeable and can be deliberately arranged to enhance symmetry and to promote symmetrical weight-bearing, thus encouraging balance.
Physiological Effects of Flexi Bounce Therapy
These are the Physiological Effects of Flexi -BounceTherapy as stated by ReboundTherapy.Org:
Cardio-Respiratory: There is a high demand on muscles to deal with the increased gravity produced on deceleration and in the control of movement required when gravity is in effect reduced, as in acceleration, causing an increase in the respiratory rate and subsequently the heart rate. As a direct consequence there is an upturn in venous and lymphatic drainage. The constant muscle work required to maintain position and balance increases the demand for oxygen.
Muscle Tone: In simplistic terms, trampolining generally causes an increase in postural muscle tone, simple to prevent falling over. In Rebound Therapy, the effect on muscle tone hypertonia or hypotonia is variable. Low amplitive bouncing in general causes a reducing effect on hypertonia by bombarding the muscle spindle in much the same way as shaking causes a decrease in muscle tone. High amplitude bouncing can cause an increase in tone by stimulating the stretch receptors. The two properties can be used therefore to increase or decrease tone where required. The effect of the rebound activity on muscle tone can easily be observed in people with spasticity, either hemiplegic or athetoid, or by effect on ataxia where tone can be seen to undergo change.
Postural Mechanism: Stimulating by bombarding the sensory systems through joints, muscle and skin can improve the output to the important postural muscles.
Balance Mechanism: In creating a dynamic movement situation, so challenging balance mechanisms, observable improvement can be achieved. This is particularly relevant when working with adults where a dynamic balance situation is difficult to create in lying, sitting or kneeling.
Kinaesthetic Awareness: By the multiple stimulation of joints, pressure stretch receptors, skin, muscles etc., kinaesthetic awareness is improved, leading to improved body image and spatial awareness.
Therapeutic Effects of Flexi-Bounce Therapy
These are the Therapeutic Effects of Flexi-Bounce Therapy as stated by ReboundTherapy.Org:
ON MOVEMENT: Movement can be facilitated at different stages of the bounce. The most active movement takes place at the top of the bounce where acceleration of the body equals the downthrust of gravity to allow a momentary “gravity-free” zone. A tiny body movement can produce a large effect with correctly applied bounce. Momentum and rhythm can be added to movement to help teach new movement skills and energise movement. Balance and equilibrium reactions can be achieved through stimulation of postural mechanisms; by creating a dynamic movement situation, protective and saving reactions can be developed. The anticipation of movement occurs because of the effects of timing, rhythm and momentum. An inhibiting or stimulating effect on muscle tone enables active movement to take place. By using good positioning and low amplitude bouncing, good relaxation is easily obtained.
ON PERCEPTION: Body image, body part awareness and positional sense are enhanced through tactile and joint sensation. Increased perception of body image, spatial awareness combined with rhythm, and movement itself, greatly develop co-ordination. The experience of movement into space with the return to stability, while remaining in control, provides an enriched learning experience, for the motor-impaired person.
ON COMMUNICATION: Due to cardio-respiratory effects, vocalisation is increased – with exclamations and gasps. Eye contact and concentration are enhanced by the “focus effect”.
- is FUN
- Gives Confidence in movement
- Is usually achievable (good target / goal setting)
- Develops fitness
- Gives general confidence and a feeling of well being